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      心理學Essay范文:Impact of Child Abuse on Elon Musk

      論文價格: 免費 時間:2022-04-27 09:43:46 來源:www.orient-thai.net 作者:留學作業網

      本文是心理學專業的留學生Essay范例,題目是“Impact of Child Abuse on Elon Musk(兒童期被虐待對埃隆·馬斯克的影響)”,一名男子喉頭的尖叫在屋子里回蕩,提醒他的三個孩子注意父親的憤怒。當他把一瓶空的科羅娜酒放在廚房柜臺上時,孩子們爭搶著找地方躲起來。突然,瓶子撞在墻上,碎玻璃碎片落在地板上。酒精和尼古丁的氣味吞噬了整個房間,他解開腰帶,在空中折斷。皮帶抽打著孩子們的臉,孩子們嘗到了血液的金屬味。他謾罵著,尖叫著說他們最終會成為南非小鎮上的游手好腳的人。

      A man’s guttural scream resonates through the house, warning his three children of their father’s rage. As he sets down an empty bottle of Corona on the kitchen counter, the kids scramble for a place to hide. Suddenly, shards of broken glass plummet to the floor as the bottle shatters against a wall. The smell of alcohol and nicotine consumes the room as he unbuckles his belt and snaps it in the air. The children taste the metallic flavor of blood as the belt whips across their faces. He hurls insults and profanities, screaming that they will end up as deadbeats in their small South African town.

      心理學Essay范文

      Within this house, a world-changing entrepreneur grows up to the echoes of violence and fury every night. In spite of his terrible upbringing and the adversity he faces, a young Elon Musk strives to achieve success and prove his emotionally abusive father wrong. Because Musk has parents who practice meaningful work, benefits from hidden advantages in his relationship with his father, and possesses a great amount of demographic luck, he leads a successful career and changes the world with his innovative technology.

      Because Musk’s parents practice meaningful work through autonomous and rewarding jobs, Musk is taught the lesson of hard work, which helps him significantly in obtaining success. In his book Outliers, Malcolm Gladwell claims that the essential components of meaningful work are autonomy and a relationship between effort and reward (149). Gladwell argues that the value a person places on work has a beneficial impact on the success of their children (150).

      Musk’s father, Errol Musk, is a South African electromechanical engineer at AECOM, a firm that allows its employees to come into the office at any hour and choose their own projects, rather than being assigned to one (Storm 42). His ability to control his hours and tasks gives him a high degree of autonomy, which is the first component of meaningful work.

      馬斯克的父親埃羅爾·馬斯克(Errol Musk)是南非AECOM公司的一名機電工程師,該公司允許員工隨時進入辦公室,選擇自己的項目,而不是被分配給一個項目(Storm 42)。他控制時間和任務的能力給了他高度的自主權,這是有意義的工作的第一個組成部分

      In addition to flexible working hours, AECOM pays its employees commission on each project they complete (Storm 66). The harder Musk’s father works and the more projects he finishes, the more money he earns, demonstrating a clear relationship between effort and reward.

      When the first computers came out, his eleven-year old son Elon wanted to attend a class at the University of Johannesburg (Dolan). The university replied that they wouldn’t accept any children, but Musk’s father wanted him to persist (Dolan). Musk was eventually accepted, and managed to attend the computer science program’s inaugural lecture (Dolan).

      當第一臺電腦問世時,他11歲的兒子伊隆想去約翰內斯堡大學(多蘭)上課。該大學回答說,他們不會接受任何孩子,但馬斯克的父親希望他堅持(多蘭)。馬斯克最終被錄取了,并設法參加了該計算機科學項目的就職演講(Dolan)。

      With this encouragement, Musk’s father taught him the value of determination when faced with the challenge of negotiating his admission to the class. Attending the lecture furthered Musk’s education and motivated him to pursue his successful career in computer science.

      Musk’s mother, Maye Musk, works in the modeling industry, which involves going to interviews with magazines and photography firms (Storm 68). The job is centered around photoshoots: sessions in a photography studio that pay up to a thousand dollars each time. Her work displays a direct correlation between effort and reward, as the more interviews she attends and the more time she spends at photoshoots, the higher her salary rises.

      心理學Essay怎么寫

      When her children were old enough to work, she employed them at the modeling school she founded (Rogers). The work experience Musk gained from assisting his mother allowed him to excel in his early career, as many other college graduates lacked this valuable work experience.

      Musk’s mother forced her kids to be responsible for their own career paths, requiring them to choose their own universities and fill out applications without any guidance (Rogers). Through these actions, Musk’s mother taught him the value of persistence in tasks such as college acceptance. Working hard for his admission to university thus encouraged Musk to do the same throughout his academic years.

      馬斯克的母親強迫她的孩子們對自己的職業道路負責,要求他們在沒有任何指導的情況下選擇自己的大學并填寫申請表(羅杰斯)。通過這些行動,馬斯克的母親教會了他在大學錄取等任務中堅持不懈的價值。為了考上大學而努力學習,這也鼓勵了馬斯克在整個學年里也這樣做。

      Because Musk’s parents work meaningful jobs that are autonomous and rewarding, they teach Musk to work hard and be persistent when faced with challenges, a lesson that greatly benefits Musk in his career.

      Although Musk seems disadvantaged by his controlling father and troubled home life, his father’s abuse reveals a hidden advantage in which Musk is able to find success outside of his home country. Gladwell defines a hidden advantage as a situation that seems harmful to a person’s growth, but in reality contains a multitude of beneficial factors (128). Musk’s father was emotionally abusive with his children, often ordering Musk to sit in silence for five hours every night as he lectured him (Blystone). In an interview with Business Insider, Musk reveals:

      [My father] got my best friend to lure me out of hiding so he could beat me up… For

       some reason he decided that I was it, and he was going to go after me nonstop. That’s what made growing up difficult. I’d get chased around by gangs at school who tried to beat the [expletive] out of me… and it would just be awful [at home] as well. (Rogers)

      Moreover, Musk’s father demanded that Musk attend college in South Africa, but he chose to move to the United States (Blystone). Musk decided to go against his father’s wishes and move to America because of the abuse he suffered and the resentment he held towards his father. This choice was highly advantageous to his career, because South Africa was a corrupt, underdeveloped country that would not have fostered Musk’s entrepreneurial ideas (Blystone).

      But in the United States, Musk was exposed to a variety of business opportunities in a country that promoted innovation. After Musk moved to America, he received more disapproval from his father, who insisted that Musk would end up broke and homeless (Ngo). Musk’s father had zero confidence that Musk could pursue a prestigious career like engineering or make something of himself (Ngo). His father’s condescending remarks motivated Musk to prove those predictions wrong by working hard throughout his early career, leading to his success. While Musk’s emotionally abusive father places him at a disadvantage, his father’s cruelty becomes a hidden advantage that leads him to find a prosperous career in the United States.

      但在美國,馬斯克在一個促進創新的國家接觸到了各種商業機會。在馬斯克搬到美國后,他受到了父親更多的反對,他堅持認為馬斯克最終會破產和無家可歸(非政府組織)。馬斯克的父親對馬斯克能夠追求像工程這樣有聲望的職業或者成就自己沒有任何信心(非政府組織)。父親居高俯瞰的言論促使馬斯克在早期的職業生涯中努力工作,以證明那些預測是錯誤的,最終取得了成功。雖然穆斯克的父親在情感上虐待他,使他處于不利地位,但他父親的殘酷成為一個隱藏的優勢,使他在美國找到了一個繁榮的職業生涯。

      Because Musk is born at the perfect time to benefit from the business opportunities of the internet boom and witness the effects of racism in South Africa, he achieves success due to his demographic luck. To define demographic luck, Gladwell gives the example of Joe Flom, a Jewish lawyer who was born into a small generation, giving him less competition among his fellow students and a high demand in the job market for his skills (140).

      Musk graduated from university at the start of the internet boom of 1995, leaving Stanford after one week to get involved with the new internet revolution (Biography). That year, Musk started Zip2, a service that generated maps and business directories, which was purchased by the computer manufacturer Compaq for 307 million dollars (Biography).

      1995年互聯網熱潮開始時,馬斯克從大學畢業,一周后離開斯坦福,投身于新的互聯網革命(傳記)。那一年,馬斯克創辦了Zip2,這是一項生成地圖和商業目錄的服務,后來被電腦制造商康柏以3.07億美元的價格收購(傳記)。

      Musk then started an online transaction service, PayPal, which was bought by the online auction company eBay for 1.5 billion dollars (Gregersen).

      Musk’s demographic luck allowed him to sell his inventions for billions of dollars by placing him in the generation that graduated from university around 1995. If he graduated in 1990, he would have landed a job at an old-fashioned engineering firm, and a career that lacked outlets for his innovative ideas.

      If he graduated in 2000, all the lucrative positions opened up by the internet boom would have been taken, leaving him with an unfulfilling job.

      Another instance of Musk’s demographic luck is living in South Africa when Aparthied was at its peak. Apartheid was a system of extreme racial discrimination that was rampant in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s (History). In 1988, when Musk was seventeen, he witnessed a police officer beating up a black man on the street in his hometown, and his father warned him not to intervene for fear that Musk would get arrested (Weinberger).

      馬斯克在人口統計學上的另一個幸運之處是,他生活在南非,當時種族隔離制度正處于頂峰。種族隔離是一種極端的種族歧視制度,從1948年到20世紀90年代初在南非非常猖獗(歷史)。1988年,馬斯克17歲時,他在家鄉目睹一名警察在街上毆打一名黑人,他的父親警告他不要干預,因為擔心馬斯克會被捕(溫伯格)。

      Musk developed a strong feeling of anger and resentment towards his country’s authorities (Weinberger). Along with the police, the South African military showed strong support for aparthied while utilizing a system of compulsory service in the 1980s (History). Musk’s demographic luck allowed him to witness racial inequality irsthand, motivating him to leave South Africa and avoid compulsory military service for a country he was unwilling to support.

      By moving from South Africa to America, Musk gained access to a multitude of business opportunities in a nation that promotes innovation, opportunities that South Africa lacked. Because Musk’s demographic luck allows him to reap the benefits of the internet boom and witness the injustice of Aparthied in South Africa, he is able to significantly advance his career.

      從南非搬到美國后,馬斯克在這個促進創新的國家獲得了大量商機,而這些機會是南非所缺乏的。由于馬斯克在人口統計學上的幸運,他可以從互聯網繁榮中獲益,見證南非種族隔離制度的不公,他能夠顯著提升自己的職業生涯。

      Because Musk learns the value of hard work from his parents, experiences hidden advantages in his troubled home life, and is born with an extraordinary amount of demographic luck, he greatly impacts humanity with his entrepreneurial work and innovative ideas. His achievements are not solely dependent on coincidence or effort, but rather the perfect mixture of opportunities.

      The cards that life has dealt him, such as the favorable circumstances of his childhood, have been dealt to nearly every successful person. The traditional belief that success rests solely on hard work is inherently false. If humanity truly wants to foster success, people must learn to leave this concept behind and provide the right opportunities to everyone.

      生活給他的牌,比如他童年時的有利環境,幾乎是給每一個成功人士的。認為成功完全取決于努力的傳統觀念是錯誤的。如果人類真的想要促進成功,人們必須學會把這種觀念拋在腦后,為每個人提供正確的機會。

      留學生專業相關專業范文素材資料,盡在本網,可以隨時查閱參考。本站也提供多國留學生課程作業寫作指導服務,如有需要可咨詢本平臺。

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